cbase - 快速進制轉換

以下是自己寫的小程式cbase介紹,主要是用來進行數字的基底轉換,比如說10進位轉16進位。但是比較特別的是,cbase可以支援到256進位,當然有特殊的方法來分辨大於36進位的數字,前36進位是利用,0-9 a-z來表示的。至於寫這個程式的動機呢?因為假如在Linux上用iwconfig設定無線網路的話,WEP密碼必須使用16進位,這時候如果自己轉就很麻煩了。可是用cbase:

cbase -i a -o 16 WEP_KEY

輸出:

WEP_KEY (a) = 5745505f4b4559 (16)

然後就可以很方便的得到16進位字串了!

查某個字母的ASCII code也很方便,decode unicode也可以

cbase -i a -o 10 A #get ascii
cbase -i 16 -o a -do '%' -so [unicode_string] #decode unicode

輸出:

A (a) = 65 (10)

還有另一個動機是,[email protected],就可以忽略前面的網址,導向後面那個十進位IP所在的位址。於是我想如果可以把十進位的IP先轉回正常IP,那我就可以先知道會被連到哪裡啦?(當然逆向也可以)
舉例:

cbase -i 10 -o 256 2356152436

這樣會輸出:

2356152436 (10) = 140.112.008.116 (256)

於是IP就被還原了,這是因為其實IP可以看成一個256進位的數字所以可以這樣操作,至於詳細的用法自己看下面吧~


有人會想要用這個程式嗎?如果要的話回應一下吧,我再釋出原始碼。
是說這是我第一次寫比較完整的命令列程式,程式其實很簡單的,如果其他大大覺的我寫很爛的話,請你給我些意見吧XD

然後下面的help list可能有很多文法錯誤XDD 我完全靠殘餘的語感。


Usage: cbase [-i inbase] [-o outbase] [options] string1 string2 ...

Argumets & options:
   -i [inbase]    Inbase, the base of the given string. Base can range from 2 to
                  256, use 'a' to specify that the input string is alphabet.
   -o [inbase]    Outbase, like inbase, but specify that the base of output string,
                  use 'a' to specify the output string is alphabet.
   -d[i|o] DELIM  use DELM as delimiter to identify each terms in the string.
                  if DELM is not specified, '.' is used by default.

                  -do: Tell cbase that the terms delimit by DELIM is processed
                       rescpectively. For example:

                         cbase -i 10 -o 16 -do ':' 97:98:99

                       will output

                         97:98:99 (10) = 61:62:63 (16)
                       97,98 and 99 are treated as 10-based number respectively,
                       and processed repectively.

                  -di: Tell cbase that the terms delimit by DELIM is treated
                       as a single digit. This is often used when the base is
                       larger than 36. For example:

                         cbase -i 256 -o 10 -di 168.128.0.1

                       "168.128.0.1" is an IP address and can be treated as a
                       256-based number. However, no letters can represent such
                       large number(Note: In cbase, 0-9a-z is used to present
                       numbers whose base is less than 36), so DELIM is used to
                       distinguish each digits for base larger than 36. For the
                       example, the output is

                         168.128.0.1 (256) = 2826960897 (10)

   -g[i|o] COUNT  The `-g' option is like the `-d' option, but instead of using
                  delimiter, COUNT is used to group each terms. The example in
                  `-do' can be repeated with the `-go' option.

                    cbase -i 10 -o 16 -go 2 979899

                  will output

                    979899 (10) = 616263 (16)

                  In the same manner, the second example with `-di' is repeated
                  here with the `-gi' option:

                    cbase -i 256 -o 10 -gi 3 168128000001

                  will output:

                  168128000001 (256) = 2826960897 (10)

                  Note that you shound put '0' in front of '0', '1' to make than
                  grouped in there, otherwise, cbase will to process the input.

   -f[i|o]        The `-f' option is used to dilimit the string ouput.
                  -fo: Delimit each term in the ouput string, this is especially
                       useful when the `-g' or `-a' option is used. For example:

                         cbase -i a -o 10 ntuee

                       will output:

                         ntuee (a) = 110116117101101 (10)

                       but with the `-fo ':'` option, cbase will output.

                         ntuee (a) = 110:116:117:101:101 (10)

                  -fi: Like the `-fo` option, but will delimit the digits inside
                       the term. For example:

                         cbase -i a -o 10 -fo '|' -fi '.' ntuee

                       will output:

                       ntuee (a) = 1.1.0|1.1.6|1.1.7|1.0.1|1.0.1 (10)

                       Note that, `-fi` option will be suppress when the ouput
                       base is `a'. If it's no suppress, it will crash the
                       output

   -s[i|o]        Becaue if the `-do` option is specified, the output by default
                  will delimit the string. the `-s' option is used the suppress
                  the delimiter in the output string. For example:

                    cbase -i 10 -o 256 -si 2826960897

                  Will output:

                    2826960897 (10) = 168128000001 (256)

                  To decode unicode strings, the `-so' option must be used. For
                  Example:

                  cbase -i 16 -o a -do '%' -so [unicode_string]

   -v             Show version information.

   -h             Give this help list.

By default, `-gi' option will not print out delimiter unless the base is greater
than 36; `-do' option will print out delimiter, but you can suppress it by
adding the `-so' option.

Please report bugs to Aitjcize <[email protected]>

留言

Carl寫道…
你太強了!請受我一拜!
偉寧寫道…
沒有啦...
我還很弱
這樣的程式你一定也寫得出來~
冠子子表示…
對我來說都是外星語XD
讓我想起你以前的綽號XDDDD
偉寧寫道…
XD 好久以前囉(遠目)

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成功安裝Vista & Ubuntu Linux 8.04 LTS 雙系統!!!

駕訓班~XD